Varus Elbow Stress test is an elbow examination procedure that assesses lateral elbow strain or instability. It checks the integrity of the lateral collateral ligament.


Patient should be awake and cooperative as the Varus Elbow Stress Test is being done.

  1. Patient should be seated for this two-part test.
  2. The patient extends her arm while the examiner applies varus force.
  3. The patient flexes her elbow at 30 degrees with the forearm supinated as the examiner applies varus force.
  4. The examiner checks for pain or excessive joint motion during the procedures.

Varus force is applied while the elbow is extended and while elbow is flexed.


Positive Varus Elbow Stress Test

There is positive Varus Elbow Stress when the patient complains of pain or the examiner was able to see excessive joint movement. These signs could indicate the presence of lateral elbow sprain or instability.

Clinical Notes

The elbow is one of the most dynamic joints in the body which is why ligament integrity should be tested in two positions.