Indications:

Protzman test is a shoulder examination used to test for anterior instability.

Procedure:

  1. Patient seated, examiner abdctd patient’s arm to 90° & supports arm against examiner’s hip (relaxing the patient’s shoulder muscles).
  2. Examiner palpates anterior & posterior glenohumeral joint with each hand & attempts to push head anteriorly with the posterior hand.
Protzman test for shoulder

Patient seated, examiner abdctd patient’s arm to 90° & supports arm against examiner’s hip (relaxing the patient’s shoulder muscles). Examiner palpates anterior & posterior glenohumeral joint with each hand & attempts to push head anteriorly with the posterior hand.

Interpretation:

Positive Apprehension or increased motion → Anterior glenohumeral instability

Clinical notes:

Clicking or crepitus may be noted (audible or palpated) as the humeral head slides over the glenoid labrum.