Indications:

Posterior Apprehension test is a shoulder examination used to determine posterior humeral instability.

Procedure:

  1. Patient supine seated, shoulder flexed 90° & internally rotated, elbow flexed 90°.
  2. Examiner applies A→P pressure over elbow while palpating glenohumeral joint.
Posterior Apprehension test for shoulder

Patient supine seated, shoulder flexed 90° & internally rotated, elbow flexed 90°. Examiner applies A→P pressure over elbow while palpating glenohumeral joint.

Interpretation:

Positive Apprehension or increased motion → Posterior glenohumeral instability.
Positive Local pain → rotator cuff ligament/tendon damage

Clinical notes:

Clinician option: Test may be performed seated
Synonym: Posterior Drawer