Indications:

Hawkins-Kennedy test is a shoulder examination used to indicate impingement in the supraspinatus tendon.

Procedure:

  1. Patient seated shoulder abducted 90°, elbow flexed 90°.
  2. Examiner internally rotates & horizontally adducts shoulder to pinch greater tuberosity of humerus against acromion.
Hawkins Kennedy test for shoulder

Patient seated shoulder abducted 90°, elbow flexed 90°. Examiner internally rotates & horizontally adducts shoulder to pinch greater tuberosity of humerus against acromion.

Interpretation:

Positive Pain (anterolateral shoulder) → supraspinatus impingement

Clinical notes:

This maneuver also compresses the supraspinatus tendon against the coracoclavicular ligaments & the coracoid process.