Indications:

Ellman’s Compression Rotation test is a shoulder examination used to indicate glenohumeral arthritis.

Procedure:

  1. Patient side lying on unaffected side, examiner abducts shoulder 30° & applies a compressive force into the GH joint while rotating the patient’s arm medially & laterally.
Ellman's compression rotation test for shoulder

Patient side lying on unaffected side, examiner abducts shoulder 30° & applies a compressive force into the GH joint while rotating the patinet’s arm medially & laterally.

Interpretation:

Positive Pain or crepitus with movement → Glenohumeral osteoarthritis.

Clinical notes:

Patients with significant arthritis usually present with pain & loss of motion in the shoulder.
Precipitating factors to GH degeneration may include trauma, RA rotator cuff pathologies, osteonecrosis, infection.